The second bracketed image shows a dark, villainous-looking man crouching while a terrified woman and child huddle in the background. Beneath the bracketed snapshots, two men on horseback are pictured. Quad, Bessie Baine; or the Mormon's Victim. Exposed looks less sensational — less entertaining — than the more lurid dime novels, a difference that would have been plain on a store shelf. Exposed might have been overlooked in stores alongside bigger pamphlets. We do not know if the Regan edition was meant for mail-order purchase, but the lack of color could indicate that Exposed and other Regan books were not meant for in-store sales in If Regan were still using mail subscriptions in instead of store sales, the new industry standard, then Exposed would have been even more at a disadvantage.
Aside from the comparatively unappealing cover, fewer consumers would have been likely to buy the book through the mail. See also: Maria Ward [Mrs. Benjamin G.
Instead of drawing the Mountain Meadows Massacre or another controversial anecdote from the book, and thus painting Mormons as villains, the artist created a mildly surprising but not particularly compelling cover image of a polygamist home. Rather, the book uses the pulp genre and a nonfiction conceit to construct an inflammatory, prejudicial argument. The claims made in Mormonism Exposed were routine for nineteenth- century popular discourse, since the era saw many anti-Mormon texts published. In other words, tolerance and patriotism can coexist more comfortably than tolerance and religious bigotry.
Mormonism Exposed is also not the only dime novel to cast Mormons as villains or portray LDS society in an exaggerated, negative fashion. Mark Wilton [William H. In this way, we see Roberts countering popular anti-LDS views. The Roberts pamphlet is also notable for retelling early LDS history, something that Exposed does, but Roberts frames his story in a way that lauds Joseph Smith instead of attacking him Second Coming, In the s, without missing a beat, fiction about Mormons became almost entirely historical in nature —.
For further information, see: Kathryn M. Randy Astle describes how several anti-Mormon films were made in America and Great Britain between and After these lackluster productions the anti-Mormon films, though not extinct, slid into remission. In conclusion, Mormonism Exposed thoroughly embodies nineteenth-century ways of thinking about the dime novel industry and American religion. The book has a black and white cover that, while subtly shocking, ignores the late- s innovation of lurid dime novel art whether in black and white or color.
Lastly, the book reiterates many of the slanders and fears that nineteenth-century Americans levied against the Mormons.
The Regan edition of Mormonism Exposed housed at Villanova University therefore reveals how people can believe that their social and cultural environments will never change. Publishers began to make dime novels for children only. Color imagery replaced black and white as the industry standard. Mormons edged closer to the mainstream and ceased to frighten Americans to the extent they once did. New periodicals and motion pictures that better catered to the tastes of twentieth-century consumers caused classic dime novels to become extinct.
The book has a color cover, quality paper stock, a child-friendly plot with no adult themes that can appeal to boys and girls alike, and a portrayal of present-day Mormons as friendly, patriotic Americans who welcome outsiders. See: Col. Buffalo Bill Library , n. Villanova University Digital Library. Cody, William F.
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In Pamphlets. Pacific States, 18 pages [bound volume of pamphlets originally published separately]. Holmes, Capt. Ingraham, Col. Illustrated by L. University of Rochester, Dept. John Regan Five Cent Pamphlets. Monstery, Col. Thomas Hoyer. New York: Beadle and Adams. Mormonism Exposed. Courtney, New York: J.
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Lupton , 11, no. Powell, Dr. Quad, M. Bessie Baine; or the Mormon's Victim.
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Roberts, B. University of Rochester Libraries, Dept. Stephens, Ann S. Esther: A Story of the Oregon Trail. New York: Beadle and Company, New York: F. Lupton, Publisher. One especially popular variation was the nickel library or nickel weekly. As the name suggests, these books were designed to cost less than the early dime novels, often using larger pages of multi-column text to squeeze more text into fewer sheets of paper. While original dime novels were published in this format, it was also heavily used for reprints. For example, the popular Frank Merriwell series of thickbooks was created by editing together stories originally serialized in the Tip Top Weekly nickel library.
Dime novels were not a phenomenon unique to the United States. American dime novels were exported to other English-speaking markets and translated into other languages. Translations of the Nick Carter books, for example, got enough attention in Sweden to be banned as part of an anti- Smuttslitteraturen campaign in the early 20 th century.
The British market was particularly fruitful, introducing titles like the Jack Harkaway adventures which became popular back in America. Dime novels were designed to be disposable. Printed on the cheapest available materials, they were not really intended to last for centuries — after all, the publishers wanted to sell new titles every week.
As a result, of the millions of books printed, few remain, and those that do are often in fragile condition due to the acid-heavy paper used in their production. Most of the large collections that remain still exist thanks to the efforts of private collectors like Dr. Libbey lived most of her life in Brooklyn, New York. Over fifteen million copies of her books were published. Known as the "working-girl" novelist  , Libbey's stories were romances about employed young women without family support. According to Joyce Shaw Peterson, Libbey's heroines show signs of being proto-feminists.
Libbey also worked as an editor. Supposedly Libbey's mother forbade her from marrying. Libbey died in after complications from cancer surgery. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American Women's Dime Novel Project.